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How did “Labrador” originate?

June 9, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

According to Scandinavian sagas, Bjorn and Eric the Red discovered Labrador about the year 1000 A.D. They called it Helluland, meaning land of slate or naked rocks. The region was rediscovered in 1498 by John Cabot, who supposed it to be the eastern extremity of Asia. There are three theories as to how the region received its present …

Does moonlight ever produce rainbows?

June 8, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

Rainbows by moonlight, known as moonbows, are unusual but not rare phenomena. Aristotle referred to lunar bows about twenty-two hundred years ago, and they are well known to scientists, although they are not often observed, chiefly because of the faintness of the light at night. Only under exceptional conditions can the colors of a moonbow be seen. Lunar rainbows …

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What was the Spanish Main?

May 5, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

Spanish Main was originally applied to the Spanish mainland colonies on the northeast coast of South America between the mouth of the Orinoco River and the Isthmus of Panama. At first the Spanish Main was merely this strip of mainland stretching some 1,250 miles from Panama to the Gulf of Paria opposite Trinidad. The term …

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What is the southernmost point in the United States proper?

April 25, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

The most southern point of land in the continental United States is in the vicinity of East Cape, Florida, at approximate latitude 25 degrees, 04 minutes. However, Key West, at approximate latitude 24 degrees 32 minutes, is connected with the mainland by bridges and viaducts. The Key West Citizen carries on its masthead the claim …

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How was Cape Horn named?

April 19, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

General William Tecumseh Sherman says in his Memoirs: “In time we saw Cape Horn; an island rounded like an oven, after which it takes its name (Ornos) oven!’ Sherman may have defined war correctly, but he was in error about the origin of the name of Cape Horn. His error has been frequently imitated since …

Which is correct, “Haiti” or “Santo Domingo”?

April 5, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

Opinion differs whether the second largest West Indian island, which comprises the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic, should be called Santo Domingo or Haiti. It is very difficult to fix an official name for any territory occupied by more than one nation except through international agreement. The inhabitants of the Dominican Republic naturally …

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Which is correct, Abyssinia or Ethiopia?

March 31, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

Ethiopia is the ancient name of the country in northeastern Africa. It is of Greek origin and literally means the “land of burnt-face people,” alluding to the dark-skinned people in that region. Homer and other classical Greek writers applied the name vaguely to the lands south of Egypt. Abyssinia is the name commonly applied to …

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To what mountain system do the Ozarks belong?

March 30, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

Geologists do not regard the Ozark Mountains as part of either the Rocky or the Appalachian systems, but as an independent and distinct unit. The Ozark Plateau or upland area lies chiefly in southern Missouri and northern Arkansas, but also extends into Oklahoma and Kansas. It is separated from the Appalachians by the lowlands of …

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Where is “the roof of the world”?

March 28, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

The Pamir mountain region in Central Asia is called the roof of the world because of its great altitude. In India the Pamirs are called Bam-i-dunya, literally “top of the world.” Pamir itself, according to the most logical theory, is derived from the Persian pai-mir, signifying “the foot of the mountain peaks.” The region around …

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What causes fresh-water springs in the ocean?

March 20, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

Fresh-water springs in the ocean have been noted by travelers and navigators for centuries. In fact the existence of such ocean springs has been known since the time of the ancient Phoenicians, who were noted for their knowledge of navigation and their long voyages. Most of these springs are caused by underground streams with preponderating heads …