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What is the capital of Switzerland?

February 28, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

Bern is the political capital of the Swiss Confederation. Many people erroneously suppose that Geneva is. From the close of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 until 1848 Bern, Zurich and Lucerne shared equally the honor of being the capital and the seat of government shifted from one to the other every two years. In 1848 …

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Who discovered that the earth is a sphere?

February 27, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

That the earth is a sphere was one of the discoveries made by Pythag­oras, a Greek philosopher who lived in the sixth century B.C. The researches of Anaximander had prepared the way for the discovery, and the doctrine of the spherical form of the earth was taught by Parmeni­dies, who was associated with the Pythagoreans. …

What are the seven seas?

February 26, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

The seven seas is a figurative term denoting all the seas and oceans of the world. It is often explained that the seven seas are the Arctic, the Antarctic, the North and South Pacific, the North and the South Atlantic, and the Indian ocean. This explanation is purely imaginary. The term is not intended to …

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Where is the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes?

February 19, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

The Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes lies beyond Mount Katmai on the Alaskan mainland across Shelikof Strait from Kodiak Island. From the floor of this remarkable valley millions of columns of steam ascend constantly. The vents through which the steam escapes disclose incrustations of great beauty, variety and color. There are masses of bright yellow …

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Where in America can one see the Atlantic and Pacific?

February 7, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

Both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, which is regarded as part of the North Atlantic, can be seen on a clear day from the summit of Mount Izaru, an active volcano in Costa Rica. That is believed to be the only point in the Americas of which this can be truthfully said. Cartago, …

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How is “Staten” in “Staten Island” pronounced?

January 31, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

Staten, the name of an island in New York Bay, is often incorrectly pronounced with the a long as in state. It is correctly pronounced statt-en. The a is short as in static. This pronunciation is a holdover from the old Dutch name of the island. When Europeans first explored New York Bay, Staten Island …

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Where is the city of St. John’s in British America?

January 23, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

Three cities with similar names in British North America are frequently confused in the United States. St. John’s is not in Canada. It is the capital and most populous city of Newfoundland, which is not part of Canada either geographically or politically. St. Johns, written without the sign of the possessive, is the name of …

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Who were the tailors of Tooley Street?

January 20, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography, History

While George Canning (1770-1827) was Prime Minister of England, several tailors met in a house on Tooley Street, London, for the purpose of redressing popular grievances. They drew up a petition to the House of Commons that began with the words, “We, the people of England.” There is a difference of opinion regarding the number …

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Why is Yorkshire divided into ridings?

January 1, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Geography

Yorkshire, the largest county in England, is divided into three administrative districts known as ridings — North Riding, East Riding and West Riding. The riding is an old Scandinavian institution and Yorkshire has been so divided since ancient times. In Anglo-Saxon the word was written thrithing or thriding and it literally meant “third”—the riding being …

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