Why is Caucasian applied to the white race?

April 16, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Human Physiology

Johann Blumenbach (1752-184o), the German anthropologist, classified mankind into five races; namely, the Caucasian, Mongolian, Ethiopian, American and Malayan, corresponding respectively to the white, yellow, black, red and brown races.

The finest and most perfectly proportioned skull in Blumenbach’s collection was from the Caucasus, the region between the Black and Caspian seas. He, therefore, took the Caucasians or inhabitants of the Caucasus as the highest type of the white race and mankind in general. The name, however, is a misnomer. The natives of the Caucasus fall far short of being the highest type of the human race.

Blumenbach is sometimes called “the father of anthropology” and his classification is still the popularly accepted division of the peoples of the world, although modern anthropologists regard it as unscientific in the light of more recent knowledge.

Three main races of mankind are now generally recognized—the white, the yellow-bronze and the black. Each of these is divided into types or “subraces,” which are also sometimes referred to as “races.” The chief subraces are as follows: (white) Mediterranean, Alpine and Nordic; (yellow-bronze) Mongoloid, Malay and American Indian; (black), Negrito, Negrillo, Bushman, Melanesian Negro, Australian and African Negro.


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